For the third time in 12 months, the FHA is changing its mortgage insurance costs.
Effective for all FHA case numbers assigned on, or after, April 18, 2011, annual mortgage insurance premiums (MIP) will increase 25 basis points.
The change will add $250 to an FHA-insured homeowner’s annual loan costs per $100,000 borrowed, and applies to all borrower’s equally. Current FHA borrowers are unaffected.
To understand the FHA is to understand why premiums are rising.
As an institution, the Federal Housing Administration plays a much larger role in the U.S. housing market today than it did just 5 years ago. According to its own records, the FHA’s percentage of purchase money business in Ohio and nationwide expanded from 4 percent in FY 2006 to 19 percent in FY 2010.
Rapid growth like this has strained the FHA’s capital and, indeed, in its official statement, the FHA alludes to this, stating that the MIP increase will “significantly strengthen” its reserves. By law, the FHA must maintain a certain minimum level of reserves.
FHA mortgage insurance varies by loan term, and by loan-to-value and, beginning April 18, 2011, the new insurance premiums are as follows:
- 15-year loan term, loan-to-value > 90% : 0.50% per year
- 15-year loan term, loan-to-value <= 90% : 0.25% per year
- 30-year loan term, loan-to-value > 95% : 1.15% per year
- 30-year loan term, loan-to-value <= 95% : 1.10% per year
To calculate your monthly mortgage insurance premium, multiply your starting loan size by your insurance premium, and divide by 12.
There is no change planned to the 1 percent upfront mortgage insurance premium charged by the FHA.
For the second time this year, the FHA is modifying mortgage insurance.
Beginning with FHA case numbers issued on or after October 4, 2010, the FHA is changing its upfront and annual mortgage insurance premium structure.
Under the new terms, assuming a 30-year fixed rate FHA mortgage with at least 5 percent equity:
- Upfront MIP drops to 1.000% of the amount borrowed from 2.250%
- Annual MIP increases to 0.850% of the amount borrowed from 0.500%
For homeowners in Madeira and everywhere else , this switch in MIP decreases the upfront cost of an FHA-insured mortgage, but increases the loan’s long-term costs.
Using a $100,000 mortgage as an example, upfront MIP falls to $1,000 from $2,250; monthly MIP jumps to $70.83 from $41.67. The FHA expects the change will yield an additional $300 million in premiums monthly.
The update is a huge win for the FHA whose reserve funds are self-proclaimed to be “perilously low”. The extra monies should help recapitalize and stabilize the government group.
The FHA is on pace to back 1.7 million loans this year.
For the majority of refinancing FHA homeowners and home buyers, the MIP change is neither good nor bad — the borrowing landscape will just looks a bit different. Yes, loans will cost more to carry each month, but also they’ll be less expensive to procure. It’s a trade-off and you can apply math formulas to solve for the best time to apply FHA.
It may be wise to get your FHA case number before October 4, for example, depending on your time frame in the home and the expected life of the mortgage. Or, it may be better to wait until after October 4 to apply.
If you’re unsure of how the new FHA mortgage premiums will impact your mortgage, be sure to call or email your loan officer for help.
NOTE : The FHA originally announced an implementation date of September 7. It was subsequently amended to October 4, 2010.
Starting sometime later this year, the monthly cost to carry an FHA-insured mortgage is expected to rise.
In a near-unanimous vote, the House of Representatives gave the FHA power to raise the monthly mortgage insurance premiums it charges to its borrowers.
Currently, monthly mortgage insurance premiums are 0.55% of the unpaid loan balance, divided by 12. The recently approved Federal Housing Administration Reform Act provides for an increase in monthly premium of up to 1.55 percent, among other details of the bill.
Despite the ability to charge 1.55 percent, FHA officials say an increase to 0.90 percent would be sufficient to self-insure its loans.
In everyday terms, assuming a $200,000 mortgage, the math to a homeowner looks as follows:
- Current Premium (0.55%) : $91.67 monthly mortgage insurance premium
- Expected Increase (0.90%) : $150.00 monthly mortgage insurance premium
- Maximum Increase (1.55%) : $258.33 monthly mortgage insurance premium
A increase in monthly mortgage insurance premiums will reduce home affordability for buyers in Cincinnati and strain household budgets.
The news isn’t all terrible, however.
Because higher monthly insurance premiums are expected to pad the FHA coffers sufficiently, the FHA has said it plans to reduce its upfront mortgage insurance premium paid at closing from 2.25 percent down to 1.000 percent.
On the same $200,000 mortgage, a move like that would reduces closing costs by $2,500.
The bill awaits companion legislation in Senate and final approval into law, but considering the House’s lopsided vote Thursday, it could happen rather quickly. If you’re planning to buy or refinance a home using an FHA mortgage, you may find that waiting to take the next step could be a costly one, long-term.
The FHA insured close to a quarter of all mortgages made in the first three months of 2010.